The drive for more "transparency" in areas such as tax, information exchange and beneficial ownership remains a hot topic, as recent episodes such as the "Pandora Papers" demonstrate. This question-and-answer exchange with JTC sheds light on some of the issues.
As European and wider global regulatory requirements continue to evolve, and with proposed changes to the OECD’s Common Reporting Standard on the table, Josie Cuff, senior manager at JTC in Edinburgh, looks at whether tax transparency represents a cost or an opportunity for internationally dynamic financial institutions. (We know that the CRS is controversial, given concerns about data security and threats to legitimate privacy, as this story highlights.)
What have been the main changes to global tax
transparency rules in the last few years?
In the last few years, there have been numerous developments in the tax transparency regulatory space. These include the EU directive DAC6, the respective OECD Mandatory Disclosure rules and economic substance requirements across some key jurisdictions.
The common theme running through these initiatives is competent authorities increasing their scope of client information that they expect financial institutions to identify, monitor, assess and report. There are also proposed changes to the OECD Common Reporting Standard (CRS), which are expected to focus on how the Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) can be approached in the face of future technologies, including crypto assets.
Have the increased tax transparency rules presented any
new opportunities for financial institutions?
Financial institutions are now in the unique position of being considered as guardians of data. Within the value chain there is a reliance from both clients and regulators for the financial institution involved to have the deepest understanding of the client’s circumstances, based on the extent of the information financial institutions are now expected to collect and maintain.
If a financial institution is able to maintain strong data integrity and really understands the data they collect, there are many opportunities for using this data to understand clients’ needs more fully, now and in the future, whilst acting as the ultimate protector of their data and sharing it where required.
How have the changes to tax transparency rules impacted
the way financial institutions operate?
Financial institutions are still focusing heavily on:
-- Meeting the ever-changing requirements set out by the
-- Gaining internal agreement to invest in technology solutions, both in-house and externally; and
-- Being prepared for the anticipated audit requests from competent authorities.
Many financial institutions have experienced significant internal pressures when implementing these complex requirements, including resourcing, prioritization and investment. Strong collaboration between tax, technology and data analytics teams is needed to understand what the regulatory requirements are in order to translate these into technology and data requirements for building a robust, compliant solution.
The synergies between AML vs. FATCA/CRS are also something that organisations often overlook when prioritizing investment and resource, with AML often taking priority due to its high profile. Tax, risk, compliance and AML teams should work closely to leverage these synergies and work together to take a proactive approach to FATCA/CRS compliance. Treating the concepts holistically and working together will ultimately simplify client journeys and increase automation opportunities.
How are the large financial institutions keeping up to
date with the tax transparency and reporting requirements in
Large financial institutions have taken different approaches to keep up to date with the varied requirements across all their operating jurisdictions. Some opt to have a centralised function which has oversight of all jurisdictions; others place reliance on local contacts to keep the organisation up to date.
The one thing everyone agrees on is that it’s tricky, and at
times costly, finding the right expertise with the right level of
capacity to do a good job. We have seen a significant increase in
financial institutions now looking to outsource FATCA and CRS
activity to us, for instance, as we understand the complexity and
nuances of their operating jurisdictions.